Dates for Advance Tax
Advance tax is a way of collection of tax by the government. If total income of an asessee exceeds Rs 10,000 in a financial year, tax is payable in installments of your yearly tax payable. It should be paid in the year in which the income is earned. In other words, it is ‘Pay as You Earn’ approach. Income can be earned from many sources like salary, interest, rent received etc.
Who pays Advance tax?
Business and self employed professions have to pay advance taxes. If you are working under someone and getting salary for your work, Tax is deducted in the form of ‘TDS’ from salaries, such assessee is not liable to pay advance tax. However, if income from other sources exceeds Rs. 10,000. You will need to apply for advance tax for such income.
Exemptions from payment of advance tax
A senior resident (60 years of age or above) who does not have any income chargeable under the head PGBP. An assessee who has opted a scheme under section 44AD.
Due dates for payment of tax
An assessee is liable to pay the installments of tax on or before the following dates:
|Due date||Corporate Assessee (company)||Non Corporate Assessee|
|Upto 15th June||15% of tax||Not applicable|
|Upto 15th September||45% of tax||30% of tax|
|Upto 15th December||75% of the tax||60% of the tax|
|Upto 15th march||100% of the tax||100% of the tax|
For Assessment year 2016-17, due dates of advance payment of tax has changed and is same for both corporate assesses and non-corporate assesses
|Due Date||Tax payable|
|Upto 15th june||15% of the tax|
|Upto 15th September||45% of the tax|
|Upto 15th December||75% of the tax|
|Upto 15th march||100% of the tax|
Due dates of Filling Income tax return
|31st July||For individuals|
|30th September||For Companies|
|30th September||For individuals who need to get accounts audited|
|30th september||For firms that require accounts to be audited|
What if you fail to pay taxes even after the due dates?
If an assessee fails to pay tax on or before the due date, he is liable to pay interest along the installment. If he fails to file the return on tax, he becomes liable to pay penalty.
PENALTY OF LATE FILING OF INCOME TAX RETURN
Return can be filed at any time before 1 year from the end of relevant assessment year, so if the income is earned in the previous year 2015-2016. The returns should be filed before 31st march 2018. If an assessee fails to file the return on or before the due date. He/she would be liable to pay penalty of Rs. 5000 under section 271F.
INTEREST ON LATE ADVANCE TAX PAYMENT
Assessee becomes liable to pay interest if he fails to pay tax installment on/before due date. Such tax is attracted under sections 234A, 234B, and 234C as follows:
Interest under section 234A: Default in Furnishing the return of income:
Interest at 1% for each month the assessee delays the payment of tax as per the schedule mentioned above. The calculation begins from the due date to the date of furnishing of return.
Interest under section 234B: Default in late payment of tax:
If the tax already paid by the assessee in the financial year is less than 90% after 31st march, he is liable to pay interest at 1% chargeable from 1st April of the assessment year to the date of completion of total income tax under section 143(1).
Interest under section 234C: Deferment of advance tax.
Such interest is applied when tax is paid in underestimated installment or not paid at all. Interest is calculated on the amount not paid @ 1% for 3 months.
If such deferment is after 15th march, such interest will be charged at 1% per month.
For any help on ITR Filing feel free to consult the tax experts at Taxraahi. You can file ITR yourself via our ITR software or get CA’s help on filing income tax return. You can also use the option of Business Return, Bulk Return or Revised Return Filing.
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